All Bar Z wines are made entirely with Texas grapes grown in the Texas High Plains AVA (American Viticultural Area).
Once the grapes are crushed, Bar Z uses the time-honored method of fermentation. This is called hand cap management. It starts with pushing the solids (skins, seeds and stems) that rise to the top, back down into the juice to get the maximum extraction of color, flavor and aroma. During active fermentation, this process can be repeated multiple times every day. When fermentation is complete, the wine is pressed to separate the solids from the wine. This is where gravity and time start to do their part. The solids that cause wine to be cloudy or hazy settle to the bottom of the tanks during storage.
The wine is pumped off of the settling solids and into a clean tank. This process is repeated until the wine is completely clarified, called racking. After this, the wine is ready for French Oak barrels where it will rest and age until it is ready for bottling. The time it takes is not set by a calendar, but by the wine itself. It takes longer to make our wines, but this hands-on process yields wines that have an Old World style and quality. Those who may have tried a Texas wine in the past and were not happy should know Texas wines have changed.
The Texas wine industry has become one of the finest regions in the world.
Yes, the industry may still be a child when compared with other wine regions of the world, but it is not in its infancy. The quality of the wine has evolved. For the most part, Texas wine is consistent in quality and unique character. This is due in large part to having an in-state source of education – both in degree programs and continuing education. Another factor contributing to success is the experience of the past three decades. When Texas producers first started out, they had to look at the experiences of growers and winemakers in California, New York and France. Where hundreds – even thousands – of years of experience have helped find the perfect place for the perfect grape, Texas has learned in much less time.
The Texas High Plains provides great conditions for growing grapes – deep, well-drained soil, low humidity, warm daytime temperatures and high altitude. This gives us cool nights, a great quality for growing grapes which love the cooling and heating in a 24-hour period. Nonetheless, there are certain High Plains weather tendencies that don’t help vineyards. Texas has lost some growers and vineyards along the way. Today, some of the early growers are left because they learned and adapted to our conditions, manipulating and changing things like pruning methods and irrigation schedules. We also have next generation growers, fresh to the business and others right behind them who can build on current experience, helping to take Texas grapes and wines to the next level.